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timer-iconCzwartek, 18.09.2014 | 11:39

History

MPK in Czestochowa Sp. z o. o. - history
 
Year Event
2013
- Ikarus busses from Warsaw went on the streets of Czestochowa. MPK purchased six 1997 reg. busses.
- Test drive of electric powered bus, produced by AMZ Kutno, started on 1 February
- On 23rd February a historic tram travelled on the route MPK main depot – Fieldorfa Nila terminus – MPK main depot promoting the “Leave your 1% tax in Czestochowa” campaign. The campaign’s goal was to promote local charities and encourage people to donate 1% of their income tax to those charities
- 4th March – MPK carried out a “Using public transport is cheaper than using your car” campign
- 7th March – MPK Managing Director Roman Bolczyk met Deputy minister Andrzej Massel to discuss subsidising extension of existing tramway tracks in Czestochowa. The Ministry had 10 billion zloty in EU subsidies to spend
- 4th April – MPK carried out a “Validate your MPK ticket. Don’t complicate your life” campaign
- 8th April – Goteborg city representatives, interested in borrowing a Twist tram for test drives in Sweden, on a visit in Czestochowa
- Provision of uniforms for bus and tram drivers was completed
2012
- 9th January – MPK abolished the requirement of validating monthly travel cards 
- 30th January MPK placed coke coal burners at selected tram and bus stops
- 25th February – MPK participated in the “Leave your 1% tax in Czestochowa” campaign
- 1st March 2012 – first ticket vending machine was provided at the M1 shopping centre
- 13th March – First Twist tram arrived in Czestochowa
- 13th March – 15th April – due  to the Twist tram test drives, night tram service was replaced with night bus service for the duration of the tests
- 15th March – first, brand new Twist tram went on the city’s tramway tracks at 3 am.
- 29th March – Czestochowa City Council voted for new ticket tariff resolution. Fare rise was introduced
- April – new passenger information system using voices of Barcis and Staszczyk introduced on Twist trams
- April/May – MPK started mail order sales on Allegro.pl
- 28th April – passengers got on the first Twist tram
- 1st May – New, raised fares were introduced
- 1st May – MZDiT introduced the following changes to bus timetables:
Route 11 – all day service every 30 minutes
Route 12 – Every 15 minute service only at peak times (all day, every 15 minute service until then)
Route 15 – Saturday and holiday service frequency reduced from 30 to every 60 minutes
Route 22 – Saturday and holiday service times would be changed
Route 24 – Every 30 minute service between subsequent rides on Saturday and holiday morning services
The 16, 23, 28 and 32 routes were also rearranged, Route 13 was completely altered
- 11th of May – Second Twist tram arrived in Czestochowa
- 18/19 May – Twist tram went on the new tramway route test drives
- 21st May – tram 105 went on the new tramway route test drives
- May – new mobile phone ticket purchase service was introduced
- End of May beginning of June – MPK started new mobile phone ticket sales service
- 4th June – bus refuelling trials using liquefied LNG gas at the MPK depot
- 1st June – Twist tram officialy handed over to MPK by Pesa
- 1st June -  MPK organised Children’s Day and linked it with the official Twist handover – presents were given to children inside the tram
- 24th June – third Twist tram arrived at the tram depot
- June – On-line journey planner for Czestochowa was introduced on the MZDiT website
- 2nd July – beginning of tramway track repairs (including the tram depot). Tramway services were replaced with bus services – the reason being was a reconstruction of crossroads at NMP avenue with Wolnosci and Kosciuszko avenues and replacement of tramway tracks between AK avenue and Worcela street
- July – construction of a new tram hall depot was started
- 10th July – Board of supervisors elected the company’s new vice-chairman Mr. Robert Madej
- July – new bus lane between Popieluszki police station and Wielunski market was launched
- 1st September – new tramway route nr. 3, between Polnoc and Rakow Stadium, was launched
- 1st September – all nr. 3 route tramway drivers required to wear standardised uniforms
- 9th September – nr. 3 tramway route was officially opened – fete celebrations
- Between 17th and 21st September pupils from one of the local schools were treating Twist tram passengers to free coffee
- 21st September – car-free day – travel free on trams and busses with your car’s registration certificate
- September – MPK initiated a “Don’t like my driving? - call” campaign
- "Have a read on a tram" campaign - Zbigniew Herbert works were played on trams
- 13th October – MPK collected the seventh and the last Twist tram
- 15th October – a week long test drives of buses propelled with liquefied LNG gas were launched
- 30th, 31st October – MPK carried out a “Be a shining example this Christmas” campaign. Free car light alignment for city residents
- December – “Tram investments in Czestochowa” summary gala took place
- December – MPK purchased Ikarus buses from the city of Warsaw
- Provision of uniforms for bus and tram drivers was started
2011
- Complex tramway track repairs took place between Bor Street and Niepodleglosci Avenue flyover
- Complex tramway track repairs took place between Niepodleglosci Avenue and Mickiewicza roundabout
- Complex tramway track repairs took place between MPK office junction and Pokoju Avenue
- Tramway and pedestrian crossing repairs took place at Jasnogorska and Worcela streets
- 6th December – MPK organised “MPKolajki” celebrations – passengers were treated to sweets and given wishes from the company’s management and regular staff
- 15th Decemeber – Reopening of single file tramway traffic on tramway tracks at Niepodleglosci Avenue flyover, after a three month closure
- December – Roman Bolczyk became the Managing Director of MPK
2009
- 50th Anniversary of tramway services in Czestochowa 
- Changes and alterations to most of the bus timetables and bus routes due to the opening of new streets (Kanal Kohna and Wroblewskiego street) and new road layout
- due to the Czestochowa city Mayor regulation Nr 1542/08 of 31 December 2008 the Czestochowa City Department of Transport took over the function of public transport administrator, MPK retained its function of the service provider
- The Silesia County Speaker decided about granting, the City of Czestochowa and the MPK, an EU subsidy for further development of tramway tracks and purchase of new trams
- 14 brand new Mercedes-Benz buses were delivered          
- 23 route buses stopped operating within  Blachownia Commune
- “Show some class!Let others join the traffic” campaign was carried out"     
- Decision about the change and standardisation of the vehicle stock colours (white and red) and gradual withdrawal of window advertising, was taken
- Emission of limited edition paper, single fare tickets promoting the 1% of tax for charities and blood donors donation campaigns     
- “Antywandal” campaign was carried out     
- photo and video competition was organised - Tram Photo Day and 300 Seconds on the Tracks
- introduction of new, off-peak hours, tram timetables
- opening ceremony of a series of training courses for bus drivers on caring for disabled passengers
- MPK organised an open day for primary school children
- Have a ride on a historical Ikarus 280 celebrations took place 
- Czestochowa residents beat the Guinness record in the amount of passengers on board of an Ikarus bus
- car-free day – travel free on trams and busses with your car’s registration certificate
- CCTV cameras were installed on night trams               
2008
- Route 54 was shut down and partial alteration of the service 65 route towards Poczesna-Zawodzie was introduced.
4 weekend, night bus services were launched.
- Monday to Friday night tram service frequency was increased.
- Changes to bus timetables of the 53, 65, 68, 69 routes and partial alteration of the route 65 were introduced.
Tramway traffic between the Pokoju avenue flyover and Kucelin-Szpital tram stop was reopened.
- The route 31 service was altered.
- The route of 12 bus service was shortened, the bus no longer goes to Communal Cementary
- service 21 route at the section: Estakada flyover via 11 Listopada Avenue to Bohaterow Katynia was altered.
- The 11, 16, 19, 28, 18, 22, 24, 33, 15, 25, 26, 29, 32 routes timetables were altered.
- location of the u-turn loop for the buses route service 11 on Legionow Street was changed.
- 10 new Mercedes-Benz buses were delivered.    
10% fare rise was voted for by the Czestochowa City Council.
- A new “e-purse” electronic ticket was introduced.
- Niepodleglosci Avenue tramway crossing was repaired.    
2007
- Due to  road traffic closure in III Aleja Najswietszej Maryi Panny, bus routes 11, 12, 18, 19, 26, 27, 31 and 36 were altered.
- Routes of the bus 51, 52, 62 services in Blachownia Commune were shut down.
- Contract for the purchase of 10 new Mercedes-Benz buses was signed.
- Czestochowa City Council voted for the introduction of e-tickets.
- Czestochowa City Council voted for the changes to entitlements to free travel for disabled people with lower limb conditions.
2006
- renovation of a historical tram Konstal 4N1.
- Replacement of an old petrol station.
- purchase of 18 new Mercedes-Benz buses.
- TRW employee bus service opening ceremony.
- replacement of 141 traction posts.
- introduction of 30, 45 and 60 minutes, city passes.
- a contract for the provision of e-tickets and passanger electronic information systems was signed.    
- A used MAN bus was purchased.
2005
- April - 4 used, fully roadworthy articulated, MAN NG 272 with type Euro 1 engines, buses were purchased.
- 20 further static inverters that reduce noise levels inside tram carriages were installed.
- Introduction of 10% fare rise to compensate for a dramatic increase in fuel prices.
- New identity cards entitling people, who are physically disabled and/or who have significant degree of disability, to free travel issued since September.
- Company’s equity increased by the owner – the City of Czestochowa. The 10.6 million zlotych would be spent on the 2006 priority investments : purchase of new buses and electronic ticketing system.
2004
- Due to realignment of the actual travel time and adapting the service to the current road conditions, gradual changes to the timetables were taking place since February.
- Changes to the bus routes 15, 16, 17, 23, 53, 54, 65 i 69 were introduced. Bus route 70 was closed down from 1 July 2004.
- A “front door” rule was introduced from 1 March. The passengers were to enter buses via front door and have their tickets controlled by a driver.
- Important investments were finalised: modernisation of a tracktion substation’s control line with installation of optical fibre and modernisation of measurement systems of electricity tariff B23.
- Building of two major, environment protecting, hydrocarbon separators on two existing industrial drainage sewer outlets into public sewers, were completed.
- Noise reducing static inverters and modern door opening systems were installed in 26 tramway carrieges.
- 6 used, fully roadworthy, low floor access, MAN NL 202 with Euro 1 engine, buses were purchased in December.
2003
- Austerity measure plan to reduce costs of employment, use of vehicle stock and infrastructure operation was executed.
- Readjustment of bus routes and timetables, taking into account opinions and proposals of passengers, six months after the introduction of Czestochowa Public Transport Survey, took place.
- Launch of a diagnostic service centre for cat. B vehicles. 
- Launch of a car wash service offering wide range of services.
- 40 additional ticket inspectors were employed in June.
- Front door access rule with drivers controlling passangers’ tickets was used between July and September.
2002
- MPK bought a modern cherry picker crane, Montraks 5PS 600V for repairs to overhead lines without the need to swich the voltage off.
- A modern telephone exchange was installed allowing fully automatic traffic to and from MPK.
- Tram pass - buy 6 adult fares for the price of 5, and a bus pass - buy 11 (adult or reduced) urban and suburban fares for the price of 10, were introduced.
- Public Transport Survey was implemented on 1 July. It was carried out by Transport Engineering office on behalf of the City of Czestochowa. Adjustments to transportation system and timetables were made.
- 9 SOLARIS buses with low floor access and Euro 3 norm engine, were bought.
2001
- Fully equipped emergency service vehicle was bought.
- Diagnostic service station, offering services to public, was launched.
- Bus and tram drivers went on strike, due to remunaration packeges claims. Because of that the public transport was stopped on 2nd March.
- A day pass at a price of 6zlotych was introduced.
- Tramway track repairs at Mickiewicza Roundabout, Wyzwolenia Avenue and in the area of a flyover in Rakow were completed.
- Ticket office at Fieldorfa-Nila Street was opened.
2000
- Structural changes inside the company were made. The company was restructured into a Limited company with the Municipality being the only stakeholder. The company changed its name to Miejskie Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne w Częstochowie Sp. z o.o. on 1 July.
- 7 MAN buses with low floor access were purchased.
1999 - Country’s most modern, tramway traction substation on Czartoryskiego Street was launched.
1998 - 460m of tramway tracks, using modern methods ( including drainage and soundproofing), were repaired.
1995 - 42 new buses were purchased. Ikarus 412 buses with low floor access were introduced. Electronic ticket validators were installed. 350m of tramway tracks major repairs were carried out.
1994 - Introduction of three VW minibuses for transporting disabled people. Total of 118,3 mln passangers used public transport at the end of the year. The company owned 201 buses and 60 tramways.
1993 - 5 new Ikarus 435 buses were purchased. MZK operated 28 bus routes and 1 tramway route of the total length of 466 km.
1991 - By resolution of the Czestochowa City Council, the company is restructured into a budgetary enterprise and named Miejski Zakład Komunikacji.
1990 - Democratic local governments were introduced and changes in the transportation system took place.
1986 - Old tramway cars type N and ND were withdrawn. 8 new tramway cars type 105N went on the tracks.
1985 - 10 new tramway cars type 105N and 20 new, articulated buses were introduced. New seasonal route between Czestochowa and Poraj was launched.
1984 - Tramway tracks were extended to 10.2 km. 25th anniversary of tramway link. Total length of bus routes was 491.6 km.     
1983 - Militarization of MPK was abolished. The company received 45 new Ikarus and Berliet buses.
1982 - MPK joined the association “Zrzeszenie Przedsiębiorstw Komunikacji Miejskiej w Polsce”. Total length of bus routes was 448km. The company owned 214 buses and 72 tramway cars and 60 moving vans.
1981 - Due to the imposition of Matrial Law throughout the country on 13 December, by the resolution of Czestochowa Governor, the company entered into militarization and began operating based on "Regulamin przedsiębiorstwa w czasie obowiązywania stanu wojennego" (special terms of operation under the martial law).
1980 - MPK staff carried out a sit-down strike and presented series of socio-economic demands on 2 September. NSZZ "Solidarnosc" was established.
1978 - “Sztandar Przechodni Rady Ministrów i Centralnej Rady Związków Zawodowych”( Transitive Banner of Council of Ministers and the Central Council of Trade Unions) was awarded for the second time. Additional service routes due to the Pope John Paul II visit in Czestochowa (1-6 June) were launched.
1977 - Due to extension of City’s administrational borders the total city area extends from 93 sq. km to 154 sq. km. “Leg” visitor resort was opened. First Jelcz Berliet PR110 buses left the depot. Total length of public transport routes was 355km.
1975 - 25th anniversary of MPK in Czestochowa. Anniversary commemoration coin wass casted. 8 new, high speed 105N tramway cars were introduced.
1974 - 20 new Ikarus 260 buses were introduced, total length of public transport routes was 260 km.  
1973
- New bus depot for 200 buses on Zrodlana Street was commissioned. MPK owned 179 buses, 55 trams and 65 moving vans at the end of this year.
1972
- Public transport in Czestochowa was used by about 250.000 people a day. Ticket vending machines “Krab” were withdrawn. Tickets were then sold by the newsagents chain “Ruch”. Company’s own holiday resort in Miedzywodzie was opened. 
1971 - Tramway tracks were extended by 2.2km in Tysiaclecie-Polnoc quarter.
1970 - Rada Ministrów i CRZZ banner for taking the first place out of all country’s public transport companies was presented. Printed monograph "20 lat komunikacji miejskiej w Częstochowie" (20 years of public transport in Czestochowa) was edited.  XIII Krajowy Zjazd Komunikacji Miejskiej (National Congress of Public Transport) took place in Czestochowa. Ticket sale at "Ruch" newsagents was launched. 
1969
- Taxi department was liquidated. 67 cars were put out to tender and sold. 24h Central Trafic Control was opened. The company employed a total number of 1351 people.
1968
- Widely available monthly and quarterly tickets for the entire urban and suburban network were introduced. Minister Gospodarki Komunalnej (Minister for Municipal Economy) transitive banner, for taking the first place out of all country city public transport companies, was presented in 1967. Golden Badge "Zasłużonemu w Rozwoju Województwa Katowickiego" (Distinguished in the Development of Katowice Region) was presented.
1967
- "Krab" ticket vending machines and "Krak" ticket punches were installed. Total length of tram and bus, public transport routes was 218.8km.  
1966 - 15 new IKARUS buses were purchased. First two articulated "JELCZ" buses were introduced.
1965 - 3rd place in "Najlepsze Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacyjne” (Best Public Transport Company) in the country was awarded.
1964 - New public holiday “Transporter’s Day” was celebrated. Control points were equipped with radio-telephones. 55.6 million of people were carried throughout the whole year.
1963 - During the “winter of the century” an author thermal track snow plough was constructed. The company owned 111 buses, 37 trams, 49 taxi cabs and 25 moving vans.
1960 - New IKARUS 620 buses were introduced. First buses without conductors went on the roads. The company employed 985 people.
1959 - Two tramway lines of the total length of 8.6 km were commissioned. Services were expanded to include taxis. The company employed 798 people. MPK administration moved into its own offices on Zrodlana Street. The company owned 60 buses, 39 trams, 21 taxis and 5 moving vans at the end of the year. MPK came first in the best countrywide public transport companies’ competition for the third time.
1958 - MPK took out a loan and bought 20 IKARUS-66 buses. Total length of transport routes was 151 km.
1956 - further development of the company. The amount of service routes was increased to 15 and their length to 111 km. The company gained favorable trade surplus in many years.
1955 - Company’s own mechanical, electrical, vulcanisation workshops and blacksmith were built at the Wilsona Street depot. The vehicle stock was renewed by purchasing 9 MAVAG buses.
1953 - Buses and Lorries did 2.4 mln km and carried 22.8 mln passangers. There were 339 staff employed at MPK.
1952 - Tramway infrastructure began being built. The company received 16 STAR 20 lorries and adapted them for passenger use.
1951 - Decision about building tramway infrastructure was taken. The company employed 209 people. There were 7 bus routes in operation of the total length of 65km. A new depot on Wilsona Street was commissioned. 14.7 mln passangers used MPK’s services that year. 
1950 - Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Komunikacyjne (Municipal Public Transport Company) in Częstochowa was established. MPK had 18 vehicles and employed 182 people. The company carried 8.5mln passangers that year.
1946 - There were two private transport companies present in the city. Public Transport “Zgoda” and “Autokomunikacja”. They operated on four different routes of the total length of 30km and carried about 3mln passangers a year.
1932 - City Council signed a contract with a Warsaw based company “Polish Car Association CITROEN” for the provision of public bus transport in the city. Due to significant financial loss the company withdrew from the contract.
1928 - First attempts to start a private bus transport company in the city were taken
1908 - Horse-run omnibuses went on the streets of Rakow quarter
1903 - Calls for tenders to run an electric tram in Czestochowa were published in newspaper